Know about stroke Prevention and Post Stroke Physiotherapy Role


Preventive healthcare services walk extra mile to ensure the overall health of individuals. The whole program is based on two basic components: preventive measures and restorative treatments.

Stroke is the condition where the plaque formation interrupts the blood supply to brain cells. Blood serves to carry nutrients and oxygen required for functioning of the brain. Stroke causes paralysis or loss of function of one leg and arm. Modern stagnant lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, heredity, use of drugs increase the chances of stroke even in young individuals (less than 50years old).

Preventive measures aim to maintain the health by adopting healthy life style and eating habits using behavior changing strategies. It includes educating people about risk factors of stroke at young age as posed by smoking, junk food, alcohol consumption and stagnant life style. Various wellness programs for school children and corporate world are organized to inculcate the healthy habits in early life and to educate professionals about the risk factors respectively.
Smoking increases the chances of stroke by narrowing of vessels. Behavioral therapy to make the smokers quit it includes personal or even the telephonic counselling. Adopting healthy diet habits reduces to blood sodium level, maintain normal range of blood pressure and thereby reduces the risk of getting stroke. Diet rich in fruits and vegetables is recommended for the same. Obesity is one of the foremost risk factor for stroke. Regular physical activities, active life style, yoga, exercise, walk and of course, healthy diet keep the person away from obesity. Wellness programs to educate the people about increased risk of stroke by alcohol consumption as well as the counselling help to quit or at least, reduce the alcohol consumption.

Blessed people get the preventive care in time and stay away from life threatening stroke. But this is not the case with all!

Rehabilitation is the holistic approach that aims to regain the physical activities (sitting, standing, and walking) through exercise with focus on required proper diet and restoration of cardiorespiratory fitness.

Physiotherapy helps the stroke survivors to keep these nonfunctional muscles toned. Once the muscles regain their function, physiotherapy makes the patients to relearn everyday skills and retrain their healthy brain cells to control the affected body parts. The objective is to regain the lost functions of the muscles through mild but regular exercises followed by achieving the normal body movement using that function. In worst cases, even if the function cannot be restored due to severity of damage caused by stroke, physiotherapy helps the patient to regain the best of it using several equipments; sometimes with help of stick or other devices. Patients are recommended to start the physiotherapy at earliest even when they are in bed. The passive movements of limbs and the suggested correct posture to lie in prevent the possible stiffening of muscles and joints. This ensures quick regain of movement once functions of the muscles are restored.

Stroke survivors have reduces ability to manage the day to day life activities. Integral wellness and  self-management programs and counselling help them to adopt with the impact of stroke and to become actively engaged in daily life despite the long term effects of stroke on body.