GASTROINTESTINAL PROBLEMS AND NUTRITION THERAPY

Gastrointestinal Problems And Nutrition Therapy

Gastrointestinal problems / digestive disorders include a number of disorders such as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, haemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas, perianal infections, diverticular diseases, colitis, colon polyps and cancer. Out of these disorders, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome are known as functional disorders and are generally attributed to an unhealthy lifestyle, among other things, leading to eating disorders and nutritional deficiencies. Thus, they can be reversed by way of nutrition therapy.

Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders – Causes

Functional gastrointestinal disorders such as constipation and irritable bowel syndrome are caused due to issues that affect the motility of the gastrointestinal tract causing it to lose motility. It is a result of low fiber diets, insufficient exercise, travelling, routine changes, excessive dairy products in diet, stress, resisting bowel movements (either from haemorrhoid pain, or otherwise), overuse of laxatives, taking antacid medications that contain calcium / aluminium, taking medications such as antidepressants and iron pills and pain killers, and pregnancy.

  1. Constipation: Constipation is a condition characterized by symptoms including difficulty to pass stools, bowel movement becomes irregular and infrequent / incomplete. It causes strain during bowel movements and often leads to fissures and haemorrhoids.

Nutrition Therapy: Since constipation is directly attributed to lack of fiber (roughage) in a diet, it is pertinent to have a diet that is rich in fiber. Foods include a number of fruits and vegetables, lentils, beans, whole grains and dark chocolates.

  1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): Irritable bowel syndrome, also known as spastic colon, irritable colon, or nervous stomach, is where the colon muscles contract frequently. There are foods and medications that often trigger IBS. It is characterized by symptoms such as abdominal cramps, pains, gas problems, bloating, irregular bowel movements and an alternate phase of constipation and diarrhoea.

Nutrition Therapy: IBS is often triggered by certain foods and it can be reversed using nutrition therapy. To reverse IBS, a diet plan needs to be rich in fiber, which can be added through a number of fruits and vegetables, lentils, beans, whole grains, etc. Additionally, diet must not include caffeine, and monitored foods that trigger the IBS.

Most common gastrointestinal problems are a direct result of an unhealthy lifestyle and proper nutrition therapy can successfully reverse these conditions. We at Eva Physiocare have developed an integrated wellness programme designed specifically for patients with gastrointestinal disorders. The programme includes nutrition and diet therapy where the therapists make a diet chart well-suited to the patient and his or her lifestyle. In addition, we stress on physical therapy. Our physical therapist sets down an exercise regimen for the patient so as to let out the toxicity accumulated in the body and manage weight, both of which contribute to gastrointestinal disorders.

Diabetes Is A Reversible Disorder

Diabetes Is A Reversible Disorder

Introduction

Diabetes, also known as Diabetes mellitus, is a medical condition where blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high. Glucose is added to the body by virtue of the food we eat. The hormone ‘insulin’ is responsible for breaking down the glucose so that it can enter the body cells and energise the body. It results in symptoms such as fatigue; increased hunger, thirst and need for urination; infections; blurred visions; unnatural weight gain / loss; and dark patches on the body, to name a few; whilst leading to other associated risks.

There are two types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is when the body fails to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin and the little that it does produce, it fails to use. Type 2 diabetes is more common and is commonly thought to be irreversible. However, recent studies have proven that diabetes, even Type 2 is reversible.

Reversing Diabetes

Professor Roy Taylor of Newcastle University, UK has presented his findings (the Twin Cycle Hypothesis) that type 2 diabetes is found to be a common occurrence in people who consume excess calories leading to fatty liver, as a result of which it fails to respond to insulin hormone whilst producing excessive glucose. Additionally, the excessive fat in the liver passes on to the pancreas forcing the failure of the insulin production cells. According to the research that was presented, if one manages to lose less than 1 gram of fat from the pancreas, by means of diet, then it will start functioning properly once again, thereby, in essence making type 2 diabetes reversible. It was further added that diabetes remains reversible for almost 10 years after its onset.

Thus, diabetes reversal essentially requires a change in lifestyle. Fat accumulation in the liver and fat is a direct result of the unhealthy lifestyle that has become the norm of the fast paced society. Reversing diabetes requires two things – a diet plan and an exercise / work out regime.

  1. Diet Plan – The diet plans to reverse diabetes should be carefully planned out, thus, it is advisable to consult a diet and nutrition therapist. A typical diet plan to help reverse diabetes includes food that have low calories with an overall low calorie intake, equal amount of carbohydrate intake at each meal, healthy fats (i.e., saturated fats and trans fats are to be avoided, a variety of fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables (including leafy greens), whole grains and food made with whole grains, and lean protein (fish, poultry, low-fat dairy, soy, and beans). Additionally, one must let go of alcohol while sweets must be limited.
  2. Exercise Regime – The exercise regime will vary from person to person and will be set out by the physical therapist. It is important to be active every day and this typically includes walking, jogging / running, and exercising. Certain precautions are to be taken such as carrying snacks to avoid sudden falls in blood sugar.

We at Eva Physiocare have developed an integrated wellness programme to help our patients reverse diabetes through diet and nutrition therapy alongside physical therapy. With our programme patients can successfully reverse diabetes and let go of additional health risks that come with it, as well as curing themselves of disorders the underlying cause of which is diabetes.

Osteoporosis prevention and care

Osteoporosis Prevention And Care

Introduction

Osteoporosis is a medical condition where the density of the bones is reduced thereby resulting in decreased bone strength and increased bone fragility. It is estimated in a study published in the Indian Journal of Medical Research that more than 25 million Indians are affected by osteoporosis, most of which are women. Data in India suggests such prevalence due to Vitamin D deficiency in Indians after 50 years of age and that it can be battled with proper nutrition. Osteoporosis requires proper prevention and care but before visiting that, let’s briefly touch upon its causes, symptoms and diagnosis.

Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Osteoporosis occurs when the pores in the bones are enlarged thereby causing it to lose density. This is caused due to a number of factors including age, race (mostly Asian / Caucasian), smaller body frame, low body weight, early menopause (in women, low oestrogen levels), low testosterone in men, genetics, smoking and drinking excessively, lack of exercise, poor nutrition, calcium and Vitamin D deficiency, medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism, chronic inflammation diseases, and use of certain medications such as prednisone or cortisone.

Symptoms include receding gum lines, weakened grip and strength, weak and brittle nails. But in most cases, symptoms do not show unless there is a bone fracture. If a person has osteoporosis, he becomes quite prone to fractures. In severe osteoporosis, the bones are extremely brittle and slightest pressure on a bone could cause fractures. Symptoms in this case include back and neck pain. There may also be height loss.

Osteoporosis is diagnosed through a physical test and medical history examination. There may be tests on blood and urine. Bone density tests or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) are also done.

Prevention and Care

Osteoporosis while has medications, requires management by way of therapeutic healing. Physiotherapy of osteoporosis patients becomes essential to rebuild strength, flexibility and mobility, and manage pain. It includes exercise therapy where the patient is guided by the physiotherapist to do resistance training exercises, such as, leg presses, squats, push-ups, and weight training with resistance bands, dumbbells and resistance exercise machines, along with postural exercises and balance exercises. In addition, the patient is required to be engaged in physical activity such as walking, taking the stairs and so on. What is important aside from physiotherapy is a nutrition and diet therapy considering the nutrition deficiency in an osteoporosis patient. A diet chart is made by the diet and nutrition therapist keeping in mind that the diet should be comprehensive of the following nutrients: calcium, vitamin D and additionally, protein, magnesium, vitamin K, and zinc. In addition to physiotherapy, exercise therapy and diet therapy, a general healthy lifestyle has to be maintained where smoking and alcohol should be avoided. Women could be benefited from a hormone therapy.

We at Eva Physiocare have developed an integrated wellness programme for osteoporosis patients where we focus on physiotherapy, exercise therapy, diet and nutrition therapy, thereby enabling the patient to get back to his normal life in no time through holistic healing.