Insulin resistance refers to the failure of the target tissues to respond normally to insulin. The target tissues for insulin include liver, muscles and fat tissues. Insulin resistance plays major role in development of type 2 diabetes mellitus which is one of the major life style disease in developed world. To understand the role and action of insulin in wide range of physiological processes serve has implication for the chronic diseases such as diabetes and PCOD. So, let’s get into the details of this very common disorder in order to a step to achieve the wholesome health.
Although, the exact way of the development of insulin resistance is not understood fully, obesity seems to be its primary cause. Obesity refers to the presence of more than 20% fat in the body as compared to the normal range acceptable for the particular gender and height. Fat tissues (adipose tissues) secrete hormone leptin and resistin which in turn serve in development of insulin resistance. Other factors that predispose the person to this condition include genetics and lifestyle. Children with parents have type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance are likely to develop the insulin resistance in their teen ages. Sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy food habits are not to be considered of the less importance in this.
Insulin resistance and PCOD
PCOD refers to “polycystic ovarian disease” i.e. presence of multiple cysts in ovaries as a result of disturbed menstrual cycle. PCOD is the disorder caused by disturbed functioning of ovaries and affects around 5-10% of the reproductive women causing infertility and miscarriages. Severe level of insulin resistance predisposes the probability of developing PCOD. The ovaries respond to the increased insulin level by increasing the secretion of LH and androgen hormones which in turn further aggravate the insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes
Insulin resistance is well established as a feature of type of diabetes. The genetics, malnutrition and higher levels of fat tissues in body causes insulin resistance as a part of cardiovascular disorders and other metabolic abnormalities which in turn may lead to development of type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Symptoms of insulin resistance include tiredness, increased appetite, loss of concentration on any work, weight gain (especially belly fat), increased cholesterol levels and higher blood pressure. Diagnosis of insulin resistance is bit complicated as the symptoms do not appear until there is development of other risk factors. Diagnosis includes measurement of blood sugar levels over few months. Fasting blood sugar and glucose tolerance testing also serve in diagnosis of insulin resistance.
Prevention and care
Physical exercise has been proved as cornerstone in prevention of insulin resistance. It is also considered as better alternative in its treatment owing to the risk factors associated with medicines. Regular exercise regime as developed by trained physiotherapist leads to substantial improvement in insulin sensitivity. The moderate but regular exercise regime increases the glucose uptake up to 40% and also improves the glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Exercise along with customized diet plans serve to reduce the body fat and decreases the chances of development of insulin resistance associated cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Physical activities also bring about favorable changes in fat digestion and reduces the belly fat so as to prevent the development of above mentioned chronic diseases.
The wholesome approach of Eva Physiocare for patients with insulin resistance focuses on physiotherapy, exercise therapy and nutrition therapy so as to ensure the healthy life span to each individual.