Bursitis or bursa inflammation is a condition where the bursa, which is a sac that contains a lubricating fluid situated in between the tissues of the bone, muscle, tendons, and skin, that helps in the decrease of rubbing, friction, and irritation in these areas, is inflamed and irritated. The incidence of bursitis is rapidly growing in India due to changing lifestyles and dietary habits.
While the most common factor in bursitis is ageing (commonly occurs in adults over 40 years of age), it is a condition that is also attributed to overweight, repetitive impact, sudden injury or trauma, overuse and stress at the workplace or during sports activities and incorrect posture at work or during exercise. Other factors may also induce or trigger bursitis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, infection, psoriatic arthritis, thyroid disorders, and reaction to medicines.
Common Sites and Types
The most common sites of bursitis include – elbow, hips, shoulder, knee, and kneecap. The different types of bursitis include subacromial bursitis, prepatellar bursitis, infrapatellar bursitis, superficial infrapatellar bursitis, deep infrapatellar bursitis, suprapatellar bursitis, posterior and anterior Achilles tendon bursitis, Pes Anserine bursitis, medial collateral ligament bursitis, and iliotibial bursitis. In fact, many instances of bursitis are found around the knee joint.
The most common symptoms of bursitis include – pains, sudden or gradual and severe in the affected areas, particularly in case of calcium deposits; pains in case of pressure in the area or movement; stiffness; redness and swelling. One must seek medical help in case of these symptoms – the sudden loss of motion in the affected areas causing a joint to ‘freeze’; pain that disables a joint; excessive swelling, redness and rash in the affected regions; sharp shooting pains during movement; and fever.
Bursitis is diagnosed by means of imaging (X-rays, ultrasounds and MRI scans) and laboratory tests (blood, fluid from the bursa, etc.).
The therapeutic nature of physiotherapy affords the patient relief while healing the disorder and preventing it from becoming serious and/or recurrent. Physiotherapists assess the biomechanics of the patient and recommends specific stretching and strengthening exercises to increase the mobility and flexibility of the affected areas and reduce pain. In case the bursitis is caused by overweight or arthritis, physiotherapist recommends various exercises to manage the weight or the arthritis. Additionally, physiotherapy laser treatment and ultrasonic therapy play a very effective role in treating bursitis.
We at Eva Physiocare are working on effective preventive measures to treat bursitis. Our integrated wellness programme includes exercise therapy, diet therapy, physiotherapy laser treatment and ultrasonic therapy, designed and customised for each of our patients allowing both prevention and rehabilitation.