GASTROINTESTINAL PROBLEMS AND NUTRITION THERAPY

Gastrointestinal Problems And Nutrition Therapy

Gastrointestinal problems / digestive disorders include a number of disorders such as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, haemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas, perianal infections, diverticular diseases, colitis, colon polyps and cancer. Out of these disorders, constipation and irritable bowel syndrome are known as functional disorders and are generally attributed to an unhealthy lifestyle, among other things, leading to eating disorders and nutritional deficiencies. Thus, they can be reversed by way of nutrition therapy.

Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders – Causes

Functional gastrointestinal disorders such as constipation and irritable bowel syndrome are caused due to issues that affect the motility of the gastrointestinal tract causing it to lose motility. It is a result of low fiber diets, insufficient exercise, travelling, routine changes, excessive dairy products in diet, stress, resisting bowel movements (either from haemorrhoid pain, or otherwise), overuse of laxatives, taking antacid medications that contain calcium / aluminium, taking medications such as antidepressants and iron pills and pain killers, and pregnancy.

  1. Constipation: Constipation is a condition characterized by symptoms including difficulty to pass stools, bowel movement becomes irregular and infrequent / incomplete. It causes strain during bowel movements and often leads to fissures and haemorrhoids.

Nutrition Therapy: Since constipation is directly attributed to lack of fiber (roughage) in a diet, it is pertinent to have a diet that is rich in fiber. Foods include a number of fruits and vegetables, lentils, beans, whole grains and dark chocolates.

  1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): Irritable bowel syndrome, also known as spastic colon, irritable colon, or nervous stomach, is where the colon muscles contract frequently. There are foods and medications that often trigger IBS. It is characterized by symptoms such as abdominal cramps, pains, gas problems, bloating, irregular bowel movements and an alternate phase of constipation and diarrhoea.

Nutrition Therapy: IBS is often triggered by certain foods and it can be reversed using nutrition therapy. To reverse IBS, a diet plan needs to be rich in fiber, which can be added through a number of fruits and vegetables, lentils, beans, whole grains, etc. Additionally, diet must not include caffeine, and monitored foods that trigger the IBS.

Most common gastrointestinal problems are a direct result of an unhealthy lifestyle and proper nutrition therapy can successfully reverse these conditions. We at Eva Physiocare have developed an integrated wellness programme designed specifically for patients with gastrointestinal disorders. The programme includes nutrition and diet therapy where the therapists make a diet chart well-suited to the patient and his or her lifestyle. In addition, we stress on physical therapy. Our physical therapist sets down an exercise regimen for the patient so as to let out the toxicity accumulated in the body and manage weight, both of which contribute to gastrointestinal disorders.

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